The team of researchers from the ICB laboratory (UMR 6303 CNRS / UBFC) led by Professor Jean-Claude Weeber, partner of the European project PlasmoniAC.
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The PlasmoniAC project aims to use the potential of plasma to achieve more energy efficient neuromorphic informatics.
Neuromorphic computing, which includes devices capable of mimicking the natural biological structures of the human nervous system, represents a promising energy-efficient alternative to conventional computing architectures. Each component of the neuromorphic network relies on the use of ultra-compact components made from relevant materials. PlasmoniAC’s neuromorphic network exploits on the one hand proven solutions of photonic interconnection but also electronic nano-components such as the memristor, the interfacing of the two optical and microelectronic technologies being ensured by the use of plasmonic modes (optical mode based on the excitation of the free electrons of metallic connections) which allow on the one hand the transmission of information at very high speed and on the other hand the implementation of nanoscopic components with high integration density and low consumption energetic.
PlasmoniAC will invest in premium plasmonics-based materials and technologies to optimize the computing power, size and energy of neuromorphic chips.
If successful, the project will demonstrate a plasmonic, artificial and powerful neuronal suite. It could be up to three orders of magnitude higher in computing efficiency per neuron, and up to six orders of magnitude lower in power consumption than the best advanced neuromorphic machines.